Sections

Unit Testing


Genel Bakış

Writing proper tests can assist in writing better software. If you set up proper test cases you can eliminate most functional bugs and better maintain your software.

Integrating PHPUnit with Phalcon

composer require --dev phpunit/phpunit:^9.0

or by manually adding it to composer.json:

{
    "require-dev": {
        "phpunit/phpunit": "^9.0"
    }
}

Once PHPUnit is installed, create a directory called tests in project root directory with a subdirectory called Unit:

app/
src/
public/
tests/Unit/

Configure Test Namespace

In order to autoload our test directory, we must add our test namespace to composer. Add the below to composer and modify it to fit your needs.

{
    "autoload-dev": {
        "psr-4": {
            "Tests\\": "tests"
        }
    }
}

Now, create a phpunit.xml file as follows:

The phpunit.xml file

Modify the phpunit.xml below to fit your needs and save it in your project root directory. This will run any tests under the tests/Unit directory.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<phpunit backupGlobals="false"
         backupStaticAttributes="false"
         verbose="true"
         colors="true"
         convertErrorsToExceptions="true"
         convertNoticesToExceptions="true"
         convertWarningsToExceptions="true"
         processIsolation="false"
         stopOnFailure="false">

    <testsuite name="Phalcon - Unit Test">
        <directory>./tests/Unit</directory>
    </testsuite>
</phpunit>

Phalcon Incubator Test

Phalcon provides a test library that provides few abstract classes you can use to bootstrap the Unit Tests themselves. These files exist in Phalcon Incubator Test repository.

You can use the Incubator test library by adding it as a dependency:

composer require --dev phalcon/incubator-test:^v1.0.0-alpha.1

or by manually adding it to composer.json:

{
    "require-dev": {
        "phalcon/incubator-test": "^v1.0.0-alpha.1"
    }
}

Creating a Unit Test

It is always wise to autoload your classes using namespaces. The configuration below assumes that you are using PSR-4 to autoload your project classes via a composer configuration. Doing so, the autoloader will make sure the proper files are loaded so all you need to do is create the files and phpunit will run the tests for you.

This example does not contain a config file, as most cases you should be mocking your dependencies. If you happen to need one, you can add to the DI in the AbstractUnitTest.

Abstract Unit Test

First create a base Unit Test called AbstractUnitTest.php in your tests/Unit directory:

<?php

declare(strict_types=1);

namespace Tests\Unit;

use Phalcon\Di;
use Phalcon\Di\FactoryDefault;
use Phalcon\Incubator\Test\PHPUnit\UnitTestCase;
use PHPUnit\Framework\IncompleteTestError;

abstract class AbstractUnitTest extends UnitTestCase
{
    private bool $loaded = false;

    protected function setUp(): void
    {
        parent::setUp();

        $di = new FactoryDefault();

        Di::reset();
        Di::setDefault($di);

        $this->loaded = true;
    }

    public function __destruct()
    {
        if (!$this->loaded) {
            throw new IncompleteTestError(
                "Please run parent::setUp()."
            );
        }
    }
}

Your First Test

Create the test below and save it in your tests/Unit directory.

<?php

declare(strict_types=1);

namespace Tests\Unit;

class UnitTest extends AbstractUnitTest
{
    public function testTestCase(): void
    {
        $this->assertEquals(
            "roman",
            "roman",
            "This will pass"
        );

        $this->assertEquals(
            "hope",
            "ava",
            "This will fail"
        );
    }
}

If you need to overload the setUp method, it is important you call the parent or Phalcon will not properly initialize.

    protected function setUp(): void
    {
        parent::setUp();

        //some setup mocks
    }

Running Unit Tests

When you execute vendor/bin/phpunit in your command-line, you will get the following output:

$ phpunit
PHPUnit 9.1.4 by Sebastian Bergmann and contributors.

Runtime:       PHP 7.4.5 with Xdebug 2.9.5
Configuration: /var/www//phpunit.xml


Time: 3 ms, Memory: 3.25Mb

There was 1 failure:

1) Test\Unit\UnitTest::testTestCase
This will fail
Failed asserting that two strings are equal.
--- Expected
+++ Actual
@@ @@
-'hope'
+'ava'

/var/www/tests/Unit/UnitTest.php:25

FAILURES!
Tests: 1, Assertions: 2, Failures: 1.

Resources